This summer as an intern for IL Corn, one thing I am tasked with doing is visiting farmers across the state and speaking with them about their conservation practices. In the end, I’m taking their stories and uploading them to the Illinois Council on Best Management Practices’ Conservation Story Map.
Hold up. What is this Council on Best Management Practices? For short, we call it the CBMP. The CBMP is a coalition of agricultural organizations from Illinois along with a few agribusinesses. These include the Illinois Corn Growers Association, and was founded in 1999. From their website, their mission reads “Working to assist and encourage adoption of best management practices (BMPs) to protect and enhance natural resources and the sustainability of agriculture in Illinois.” So basically, the CBMP works with farmers across the state to implement practices to help conserve and sustain the environment around us.
As for Best Management Practices, those are practices that farmers can use to help reduce soil and water erosion, and nutrient loss in agricultural fields. These include grass waterways in fields, drainage tile, and cover crops planted before or after the normal crops like corn and soybeans.
While driving around this state, I have met farmers with numerous different practices and ideas on how they are protecting their land and water. Many farmers get a bad representation that they are constantly working up the ground, putting on too much fertilizer, and eroding the land. These are not the cases. Farmers are working hard to protect the land that they have so they can hand it down to their future generations, and keep making profitable decisions in the future.
In Metamora in Woodford County, Bill Christ has implemented buffer strips of grass along creeks running through his farmland. These buffer strips help stop nutrients and sediment carried by surface water from the field. They can slow down the water and allow plants to take up and use water and nutrients. He also prides himself in the buffer strips because they provide a great spot for local wildlife habitats.
In Fulton County near Adair, Gary Schmalshof has created dry dams in his fields. These dams help manage water runoff from his field. They also hold soil back during large rainfalls, while making sure to help drain water properly.
Andy Bartlow farms in Schuyler, Hancock, and McDonough Counties in Western Illinois. There, he has implemented technology where he can calculate and watch his nutrient usage. Being able to watch his nutrient usage means he can put on the proper amounts of nutrients and limit runoff of nutrients like nitrogen.
While I have visited many farmers and there are many more stories than just these three, they give a great look at what farmers in Illinois are doing to help conserve resources.
For more stories, visit ConservationStoryMap.com.